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School of Economic Sciences | WSU Faculty

R. Karina Gallardo

Professor, Extension Specialist

School of Economic Sciences, Puyallup Research and Extension Center, Center for Precision and Automated Agricultural Systems

EDUCATION

  • Ph.D. Agricultural Economics, Oklahoma State University. December 2007.
  • M.S. Agricultural Economics, Mississippi State University. August 2004.
  • Professional Degree. Food Science and Technology Engineering, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. Lima, Perú. August 2000.
  • B.S. Food Science and Technology, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. Lima, Perú. December 1997.

AREAS OF INTEREST

  • Consumer demand for food products
  • Technology adoption
  • Tree fruit economics

PUBLICATIONS

  1. Montero, M.L., D. Garrido, R.K. Gallardo, J. Tang, and C. Ross. 2021. “Consumer Acceptance of a Ready-to-Eat Meal During Storage as Evaluated with a Home-Use Test.” Foods, 10, 1623. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10071623. PDF
  2. Garrido, D., R.K. Gallardo, C.F. Ross, M.L. Montero, and J. Tang. 2021. “The Effect of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Quality on the Willingness to Pay for a Convenient Meal: A Combination of Home-Use-Test with Online Auctions.” Journal of Sensory Studies, e12682. https://doi.org/10.1111/joss.12682. PDF
  3. Garrido, D., R.K. Gallardo, C.F. Ross, M.L. Montero, and J. Tang. 2021. “Does the Order of Presentation of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Quality Attributes Matter when Eliciting Willingness to Pay?” Journal of Food Science: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15825. PDF
  4. Grant, K.R., R.K. Gallardo, and J.J. McCluskey. 2021. “Consumer Preferences for Foods with Clean Labels and New Processing Technologies.” Agribusiness An International Journal, 21: 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/agr.21705. PDF
  5. Uddin, A. and R.K. Gallardo. 2021. “Consumers’ Willingness to Pay for Organic, Clean Label, and Processed with a New Food Technology: An Application to Ready Meals.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 24(3): 1-18.  https://doi.org/10.22434/IFAMR2020.0127. PDF
  6. Basu, R. and R.K. Gallardo. 2021. “Economic Issues Related to Long-Term Investment in Tree Fruits.” Choices. Quarter 2. Available online: https://www.choicesmagazine.org/choices-magazine/theme-articles/trends-and-challenges-in-fruit-and-tree-nut-sectors/economic-issues-related-to-long-term-investment-in-tree-fruits. PDF
  7. Grant, K.R., R.K. Gallardo, and J.J. McCluskey. 2020. “Factors Influencing Consumers’ Expected Food Waste.” Journal of Food Distribution Research, 51(3): 41-62. PDF
  8. Iezzoni, A., J. McFerson, J. Luby, K. Gasic, V. Whitaker, N. Bassil, C. Yue, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, M. Coe, C. Hardner, J. Zurn, S. Hokanson, E. van de Weg, S. Jung, D. Main, C. Linge, S. Vanderzande, T. Davis, L.L. Mahoney, C. Finn, and C. Peace. 2020. “RosBREED: Bridging the Chasm Between Discovery and Application to Enable DNA-Informed Breeding in Rosaceous Crops.” Horticulture Research, 7(177). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-020-00398-7. PDF
  9. Li, Z., R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, C. Yue, K. Gasic, G. Reighard, and J. McFerson. 2020. “United States Southeastern Peach Growers Preferences for Fruit Size and External Color Versus Resistance to Brown Rot Disease.” HortTechnology, 30(5):576-584. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04667-20. PDF
  10. Wannemuehler, S., C. Yue, W. Hoashi-Erhardt, R.K. Gallardo, and V. McCracken. 2020. “Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of a Strawberry Breeding Program Incorporating DNA-Informed Technology.” HortTechnology. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04519-19. PDF
  11. Wannemuehler, S., C. Yue, W. Shane, R.K. Gallardo, and V. McCracken. 2020. “An Estimation of New Technology Implementation Costs in a Peach Breeding Program.” HortTechnology. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04499-19. PDF
  12. Li, Z., R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, C. Yue, V. Whitaker, and J. McFerson. 2020. “Grower Willingness to Pay for Fruit Quality versus Disease Resistance and Welfare Implications: The Case of Florida Strawberry.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 45(2):199-218. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.302450 PDF
  13. Akhundjanov, S.B., R.K. Gallardo, J.J. McCluskey, B.J. Rickard. 2020. “Optimal Licensing of Plant Variety Patents: Benefiting both the Public University and the Industry.” Economic Modelling, 86:88-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2019.06.004. PDF
  14. Wannemuehler, S. D., J. Luby, C. Yue, D. S. Bedford, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken. 2019. “A Cost-Benefit Analysis of DNA Informed Apple Breeding.” HortScience,54(11):1998-2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI14173-19. PDF
  15. Li, Z., R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, C. Yue, W. Hoashi-Erhardt, L. DeVetter. 2019. “Supporting Successful Transition to the Fresh Market: Research and Extension Needs of Pacific Northwest Strawberry Growers.” HortTechnology, 29(5):649-658. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04389-19. PDF
  16. Lee, K., R.K. Gallardo, and M. Giacinti. 2019. “Tariff Impacts on Trade and Welfare: The Case of Indian Imports of Fresh Apples.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 1-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/aae.2019.3. PDF
  17. Hong, Y., R.K. Gallardo, X. Fan, S. Atallah, and M.I. Gomez. 2019. “Modelling the Economic Impact of the Trade Regulation of Invasive Species: A Study of Apple Production under an Apple Maggot Quarantine Program.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 44(3):646-663. DOI: https://doi: 10.22004/ag.econ.292336. PDF
  18. Galinato, S., R.K. Gallardo, E. Beers, A. Bixby-Brosi. 2019. “Developing a Management Strategy for Little Cherry Disease: The Case of Washington State.” Plant Disease. DOI: https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-12-18-2235-SR
  19. Gallardo, R.K., K.R. Grant, D.J. Brown, J.R. McFerson, K.M. Lewis, T. Einhorn, M. Miranda Sazo. 2019. “U.S. Fresh Apple Industry Perceptions of Precision Agriculture Technologies.” HortTechnology, 29(2): 151-162. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04214-18. PDF.
  20. Grant, K.R., R.K. Gallardo, and J.J. McCluskey. 2019. “Are Consumers Willing to Pay to Reduce Food Waste?” Choices. Quarter 1. Available online: http://www.choicesmagazine.org/choices-magazine/theme-articles/food-waste-reduction-strategies/are-consumers-willing-to-pay-to-reduce-food-waste.
  21. Zhou, R., C. Yue, S. Zhao, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, J. Luby, J. McFerson. 2018. “Using Market Segmentation Analysis to Identify Consumer Preferences for Fresh Peach Attributes.” HortScience, 53(11): 1664-1668. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13182-18. PDF
  22. Gallardo, R.K. and J. Sauer. 2018. “Adoption of Labor Saving Technologies in Agriculture.” Annual Review of Resource Economics, 10: 185-206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-resource-100517-023018. PDF
  23. Galinato, S., R.K. Gallardo, D. Granatstein, M. Willet. 2018. “Economic Impact of a Potential Expansion of Pest Infestation: Apple Maggot in Washington State.” HortTechnology, 28(5): 651-659. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH04141-18. PDF
  24. Gallardo, R.K., P. Klingthong, Q. Zhang, J. Polashock, C. Rodriguez-Saona, N. Vorsa, A. Atucha, J. Zalapa, and M. Iorizzo. 2018. “Breeding Trait Priorities of the Cranberry Industry in the United States and Canada.” HortScience, 53(10): 1467-1474. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13219-18. PDF
  25. Hong, Y., R.K. Gallardo, M. Silva Jaimes, and J. Flores Orozco. 2018. “College Students’ Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Fresh Apple Varieties in Peru.” Journal of Food Distribution Research, 49(2): 38-56. DOI: 22004/ag.econ.292175. PDF
  26. Gallardo, R.K., Q. Zhang, M. Dossett, J. Polashock, C. Rodriguez-Saona, N. Vorsa, P.P. Edger, H. Ashrafi, E. Babiker, C.E. Finn, and M. Iorizzo. 2018. “Breeding Trait Priorities of the Blueberry Industry in the United States and Canada.” HortScience, 53(7): 1021-1028. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI12964-18. PDF
  27. Gallardo, R.K., Y. Hong, M. Silva Jaimes, J. Flores Orozco. 2018. “Investigating Consumer Food Choice Behavior: An Application Combining Sensory Evaluation and Experimental Auctions.” Ciencia e Investigacion Agraria, 45(1): 1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/7764/rcia.v45i1.1765. PDF
  28. Gallardo, R.K., E. Stafne, L. Wasko DeVetter, Q. Zhang, C. Li, F. Takeda, J. Williamson, W. Yang, R. Beaudry, W. Cline, and R. Allen. 2018. “Blueberry Producers’ Attitudes toward Harvest Mechanization for Fresh Market.” HortTechnology, 28(1):10-16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH03872-17. PDF.
  29. Ikiz, D., R.K. Gallardo, A. Dhingra, and S. Hewitt. 2018. “Assessing Consumers’ Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Novel Sliced Packed Fresh Pears: A Latent Class Approach.” Agribusiness: An International Journal, 34(2): 321-337. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/agr.21532. PDF.
  30. Gallardo, R.K., I. Hanrahan, J. Luby, C. Yue, V. McCracken, J. McFerson, C. Ross, and L. Carrillo-Rodriguez. 2018. “Combining Sensory Evaluations and Experimental Auctions to Elicit Willingness-to-Pay for Fresh Fruit Quality Characteristics.” Agribusiness: An International Journal, 34(2): 407-425. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/agr.21534. PDF.
  31. Choi, J., C. Yue, R.K. Gallardo, McCracken, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2017. “Estimation of Market Equilibrium Values for Apple Attributes.” China Agricultural Economic Review, 10(1): 135-151. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/CAER-12-2016-0192
  32. Choi, J.W, C. Yue, J. Luby, S. Zhao, R.K. Gallardo, McCracken, and J. McFerson. 2017. “Estimating Strawberry Attributes’ Market Equilibrium Values.” HortScience, 52(5): 742-748. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI11359-16. PDF
  33. Zhao, S., C. Yue, J. Luby, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, J. McFerson, D. Layne. 2017. “U.S. Peach Producer Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Fruit Attributes.” HortScience, 52(1): 116-121. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI10966-16. PDF
  34. Yue, C., S. Zhao, R.K. Gallardo,V. McCracken, J.L. Luby, J.McFerson. 2017. “U.S. Growers’ Willingness to Pay for Improvement in Rosaceous Fruit Traits.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 46(1): 103-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/age.2016.31. PDF
  35. Brady, M.P, R.K. Gallardo, S. Badruddozza, and X. Jiang. 2016. “Regional Equilibrium Wage Rate for Hired Farm Workers in the Tree Fruit Industry.” Western Economics Forum, 15(1): 20-31. DOI: https://doi.org/22004/ag.econ.253464. PDF
  36. Wang, J., C. Yue, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2016. “What Consumers are Looking for in Strawberries: Implications from Market Segmentation Analysis.” Agribusiness: An International Journal, 33(1): 56-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/agr.21473. PDF
  37. Gallardo, R.K., J.F. Brunner, S. Castagnoli. 2016. “Capturing the Economic Value of Biological Control in Western Tree Fruit.” Biological Control, 102(1): 93-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.05.013. PDF
  38. Gallardo, R.K. and D. Zilberman. 2016. “The Economic Feasibility of Adopting Mechanical Harvesters by the Blueberry Industry.” HortTechnology 26(3): 299-308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.26.3.299. PDF
  39. Jones, V., N. Mills, J. Brunner, D. Horton, E. Beers, T. Unruh, P. Shearer, J. Goldberger, E. Milickzy, S. Steffan, K. Amarasekare, U. Chambers, A. Gadino, R.K. Gallardo, and W. Jones. 2016.“From Planning to Execution to the Future: An Overview of a Concerted Effort to Enhance Biological Control in Apple, Pear and Walnut Orchards in the Western U.S. Biological Control.” Biological Control, 102(1): 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2016.03.013. PDF
  40. Zheng, X., C. Yue, R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2016. “What Attributes Are Consumers Looking for in Sweet Cherries? Evidence from Choice Experiments.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 45(1):124-142. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/age.2016.13. PDF
  41. Gallardo, R.K., H. Li,V. McCracken, C. Yue, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2015. “Market Intermediaries’ Ratings of Importance  for Rosaceous Fruits’ Quality Attributes.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 18(4):121-154. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.211657. PDF
  42. Gallardo, R.K. and M. Brady. 2015. “Adoption of Labor-Enhancing Technologies by the Specialty Crop Agriculture: The Case of the Washington Apple Industry.” Agricultural Finance Review 75(4): 514-532. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/AFR-05-2015-0022. PDF
  43. Gallardo, R.K., Hanrahan, I., Hong, Y., and J.Luby. 2015. “Crop Load Management and the Market Profitability of ‘Honeycrisp’.” HortTechnology 25(4): 575-584. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.25.4.575. PDF
  44. Gallardo, R.K., A. Olanie, R. Ordonez, and M. Ostrom. 2015. “The Use of Wireless Capability at Farmers’ Markets: Results from a Choice Experiment Study.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 18(1): 79-104. PDF
  45. Yue, C., R.K. Gallardo, J. Luby, A. Rihn, J. McFerson, V. McCracken, T. Gradziel, K. Gasic, G. Reighard, J. Clark, and A. Iezzoni. 2014. “An Evaluation of U.S. Peach Producers Trait Prioritization-Evidence from Audience Surveys.” HortScience 49(10):1309-1314. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.49.10.1309. PDF
  46. Gallardo, R.K., H. Li, V. McCracken, C. Yue, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2014. “Market Intermediaries’ Willingness to Pay for Apple, Peach, Cherry, and Strawberry Quality Attributes.”  Agribusiness: An International Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/agr.21396. PDF
  47. Yue, C., R.K. Gallardo, J.Luby, A. Rihn, J. McFerson, V.McCracken, N. Oraguzie, C. Weebadde, A. Sebolt, A. Iezzoni. 2014. “An Evaluation of U.S. Tart and Sweet Cherry Producers Trait Prioritization-Evidence from Audience Surveys.” HortScience 49(7):931-937. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.49.7.931. PDF
  48. Nakawuka, P., T. Peters, R.K. Gallardo, D. Toro-Gonzalez, R. Okwany, and D. Walsh. 2014. “Effect of Deficit Irrigation on Yield, Quality, and Grower Returns of Native Spearmint.” Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 140(5):1-9. DOI: https:// 1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000719. PDF
  49. Yue, C., R.K. Gallardo, J. Luby, B. Katare, A. Rihn, J. McFerson, V. McCracken, V.M. Whitaker, C.E. Finn, J.F. Hancock, C. Weebadde, A. Sebolt, A. Iezzoni. 2014. “An Evaluation of U.S. Strawberry Producers Trait Prioritization: Evidence from Audience Surveys.” HortScience 49(2): 188-193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.49.2.188. PDF
  50. Yue, C., R.K. Gallardo, J. Luby, A. Rihn, J. McFerson, V. McCracken, D. Bedford, S. Brown, K. Evans, C. Weebadde, A. Sebolt, and A. Iezzoni. 2013. “An Investigation of United States Apple Producers Trait Prioritization—Evidence from Audience Surveys.” HortScience 48(11): 1378-1384. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.48.11.1378. PDF
  51. Toro-Gonzalez, D., R.K. Gallardo, J. Yan, and J. McCluskey. 2013. “Quality Differentiation with Flavors: Demand Estimation of Unobserved Attributes.” Journal of Agricultural and Food Industrial Organization, 11(1):1-11. DOI: https:// 1515/jafio-2013-0002. PDF
  52. Gallardo, R.K. and Q. Wang. 2013. “Willingness to Pay for Pesticides’ Environmental Features and Social Desirability Bias: The Case of Apple and Pear Growers.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 38:124-139. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.148250. PDF
  53. Yue, C., R.K. Gallardo, V. McCracken, J. Luby, J. McFerson, L. Liu, and A. Iezzoni. 2012. “Technical and Socio-Economic Challenges to Setting and Implementing Priorities in North American Rosaceous Fruit Breeding Programs.” HortScience, 47(9): 1320-1327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.47.9.1320. PDF
  54. Gallardo, R.K., D. Nguyen, V. McCracken, C. Yue, J. Luby, and J. McFerson. 2012. “An Investigation of Trait Prioritization in Rosaceous Fruit Breeding Programs.” HortScience, 47(6): 771-776. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.47.6.771. PDF
  55. Hudson, D. R.K. Gallardo, and T. Hanson.2012. “A Comparison of Choice Experiments and Actual Grocery Store Behavior: An Empirical Application to Seafood Products.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 44(1): 49-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S107407080000016X. PDF
  56. Gallardo, R.K., E. Kupferman, R. Beaudry, E. Blankenship, E. Mitcham and C. Watkins. 2011. “Market Quality of Pacific Northwest Pears.” Journal of Food Distribution Research, 42(2):89-99. PDF
  57. Gallardo, R.K. 2011. “Choice Experiments Findings: A Tool for Fruit Agribusiness Managers.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 14(3): 95-110. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.114706. PDF
  58. Gallardo, R.K., E. Kupferman, and A. Colonna. 2011. “Willingness-to-pay for Optimal Anjou Pear Quality.” HortScience, 46(3): 452-456. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.46.3.452 PDF
  59. Gallardo, R.K., W. Brorsen, and J. Lusk. 2010. “Prediction Markets: An Experimental Approach to Forecasting Cattle on Feed.” Agricultural Finance Review, 70(3): 414-426.DOI: 10.1108/00021461011088521. PDF
  60. Zhang, H., R.K. Gallardo, J. McCluskey, and E. Kupferman. 2010. “Consumers’ Willingness to Pay for Treatment-Induced Quality Attributes in Anjou Pears.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 35(1): 105-117. DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.61062. PDF
  61. Marsh, T. and R.K. Gallardo.  2009. “Adopting Biological Control for Ornamental Crops in Greenhouses.” CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 4(22): 1-9. DOI: 10.1079/PAVSNNR20094022. PDF
  62. Gallardo, R.K., J. Lusk, R. Holcomb, and P. Rayas-Duarte. 2009. “Willingness to Pay for Attribute Level and Variability: The Case of Mexican Millers Demand for Hard Red Winter Wheat.”  Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 41(3): 599-611. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1074070800003096. PDF

SELECTED GRANTS

  • USDA-TASC. “Using Irradiation to Reduce Post-Harvest Defects on California Apples and Pears Exported to Mexico: A Technical and Economic Study.” PI. A. Prakash, Chapman Univ. September 2020-August 2023. Award total: $565 K. Gallardo’s portion: $196,788.
  • USDA-NIFA-SCRI. “Comprehensive Fire Blight Management Systems for the United States.” PI. G. Sundin, Michigan State Univ. September 2020-August 2024. Award total: $5.2 M. Gallardo’s portion: $276,224.
  • USDA-NIFA-SCRI. “Moving from Crisis Response to Long-Term Integrated Management of SWD: A Keystone Pest of Fruit Crops in the United States.” PI. A. Sial, U. of Georgia. September 2020-August 2024. Award total: $5.2 M. Gallardo’s portion: $184,580.
  • USDA-NIFA-SCRI. “VacciniumCAP: Leveraging genetic and genomic resources to enable development of blueberry and cranberry cultivars with improved fruit quality attributes.” PI. M. Iorizzo. North Carolina State Univ. September 2019-August 2023. Award total: $6.4 M. Gallardo’s portion: $287,385.
  • USDA-NIFA-SCRI. “VitisGen2: Application of Next Generation Technologies to Accelerate Grapevine Cultivar Development.” PI. B. Reisch, Cornell University. September 2017-August 2021. Award total: $6.55 M. Gallardo’s portion: $135,849.

Karina_Gallardo_0007

Office Location:

Kalkus 317
Puyallup Research and Extension Center
2606 West Pioneer
Puyallup WA 98371-4900
Office phone:
(253) 445-4584.